Projected Stroke Deaths to Exceed One Million by 2050

Projected Stroke Deaths to Exceed One Million by 2050

Geneva: The number of deaths due to stroke could reach 10 million by 2050, with low- and middle-income countries most affected, a new study has found.

A report published in the Lancet Neurology Journal has highlighted that the number of deaths due to stroke, which was 66 lakh in 2020, is expected to increase to 9.7 lakh in 2050.

The report by the researchers emphasized the importance of the role of evidence-based effective solutions in tackling this anticipated problem.

These data on stroke deaths come from a joint effort between the World Stroke Organization and the Lancet Neurology Commission (which published four studies).

These four papers published under this commission made practical recommendations to reduce the global stroke crisis.

The report emphasized on strict monitoring and implementation of the recommendations of the commission.

The commission based its research findings into 12 evidence-based recommendations on stroke surveillance, prevention, intensive care and recovery.

Causes and Solutions of Stroke

A stroke, often called a “stroke,” occurs when blood flow to a part of the brain is cut off, depriving it of essential oxygen and nutrients. Within minutes, brain cells begin to die. A stroke can have many debilitating effects and can even be fatal. Understanding the causes behind stroke and the available solutions can help in prevention and recovery. In this blog, we will review the causes of stroke and discuss possible solutions and preventive measures.

Causes of Stroke:

1. Ischemic stroke: This is the most common type of stroke, accounting for about 85 percent of all cases. It occurs when a blood vessel carrying oxygen and nutrients to the brain is blocked or narrowed (due to fatty deposits) by a clot.

2. Hemorrhagic stroke: This type of stroke occurs when a weakened blood vessel ruptures and bleeds around the brain. Blood collects and compresses the tissue around the brain.

3. Transient Ischemic Attack (TIA): Often referred to as a “mini-stroke,” a TIA is caused by a temporary clot. It does not cause permanent damage but is a major warning sign of a full-blown stroke.

4. High blood pressure: the leading cause of stroke and the most important controllable risk factor.

5. Tobacco use: Smoking or even exposure to secondhand smoke increases the risk of stroke.

6. Diabetes: Diabetes increases the risk of stroke. High blood sugar damages blood vessels, making them more likely to clot.

7. Obesity: Being overweight increases the risk of high blood pressure, cardiovascular disease and consequently stroke.

Read More: Want To Stay Fit While Working A Desk Job?

Solution and Prevention:

1. Manage blood pressure: Regular checkups and blood pressure management can significantly reduce the risk. Eating a balanced diet, limiting salt intake, and avoiding foods high in cholesterol can all help.

2. Quit smoking: If you smoke, stop. And if you don’t smoke, don’t start. Second hand smoke should also be avoided.

3. Manage diabetes: If you have diabetes, monitor your blood sugar levels regularly and follow your doctor’s recommendations.

4. Healthy diet: Eat a diet rich in fruits, vegetables and lean protein. Reducing your intake of saturated fats, trans fats, cholesterol and sodium can also make a difference.

5. Regular exercise: Physical activity can help you maintain a healthy weight and lower cholesterol and blood pressure, which reduces the risk of stroke.

6. Smart alcohol consumption: If you choose to consume alcohol, make sure it’s in moderation.

7. Regular Checkups: See your healthcare provider regularly to make sure you’re on track.

8. Medications: There are various medications available that can help reduce the risk of stroke, especially if you have certain risk factors. It’s essential to consult with a medical professional.

Result:

Strokes can have devastating effects, but they are largely preventable. By understanding their underlying causes and implementing the solutions outlined above, we can significantly reduce our risk and ensure a healthy, long life. Always consult a healthcare provider about your personal risks and the best prevention strategies.

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